Excavations are carried out in archaeological sites in Cyprus, by the staff of the Department of Antiquities. Inter alia, the Department of Antiquities carries out excavations at Idalion, the medieval sugar-mill of Kolossi, Akrotiri and Politico, while large scale rescue excavations are being held at the Venetian Walls of Nicosia and other parts of the old city before the construction of new development projects. Rescue excavations are also being held in various parts of the island, both within the towns of Larnaka (Larnaca), Lemesos (Limassol) and Pafos (Paphos) and in rural areas.
At the same time, a number of foreign archaeological missions from various foreign universities are carrying out excavations or surveys, ranging from the very beginnings of the settlement of the island in the earliest phases of the Neolithic to the Medieval period. As a result of these excavations, the archaeology of Cyprus and particularly the earliest phases were re-evaluated on the evidence of new data, which indicate that the history of the island is older by several millennia.
The Pafos district yielded important information on the Chalcolithic period, as excavations of settlements and cemeteries, particularly at Souskiou, have provided a wealth of new information on burial customs and the social structure of the communities of the period. In Pafos, the theatre of the city, the largest on the island, is being excavated.
Underwater surveys of the south and south-eastern coast have been undertaken and shipwreck found at Mazotos is being investigated in collaboration with the University of Cyprus.
A number of European funded projects are being implemented. A recently completed project involved the excavation of industrial caves at Erimi-Pitharka, dating to the Late Bronze Age. In the framework of a wider European program, evaluation and analysis were held of the data regarding the profession of the archaeologist in the island. Moreover, two new programs of digitization of ancient monuments, sites and objects are being implemented.