Cyprus was already known from the 3rd millennium B.C. for its rich copper ores, the utilization of which has, inter alia, contributed to the economic growth and cultural advancement of its people. Apart from that, the name of the island is synonymous with copper (cuprum). The developed mining activity continued almost seamlessly until the years of British rule, resulting in the establishment of the Geological Survey Department in 1955.
This Department constitutes the national competent authority and the state councillor for geological matters, whose mission is to ensure the public interest via the identification, protection and exploitation of mineral and groundwater resources, investigation and evaluation of geological environment and geohazards, monitoring and assessment of seismicity, investigation of foundation conditions, protection and enhancement of sites of geological and mining heritage and producing and disseminating impartial geo-information to society. The Department’s competence is regulated by the geological surveys Law (Law 140(I)/2013), by which the execution of geological surveys in Cyprus is also regulated.