Adhering to the aims and principles of the UN Charter and in particular to international peace and security, international co-operation in the economic, cultural and other areas and the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, soon after attaining its independence on 16 August 1960, the Republic of Cyprus joined the United Nations Organization and gradually nearly all its specialized bodies. Cyprus subsequently joined the Non-Aligned Movement but withdrew from the Organization upon its accession to the EU. Cyprus is presently a member of the Commonwealth, the Council of Europe and the Organization on Security and Co-operation in Europe and maintains political, economic, as well as cultural relations with various foreign countries and international organizations. In this framework, it develops relations and co-operates with all countries worldwide. Cyprus also actively participates in the efforts to promote international peace, security and co-operation on the basis of the international law as well as the UN principles and resolutions.
In 1974, Turkey, in violation of international law and the United Nations Charter, invaded Cyprus and since then continues to illegally occupy by military force about 37% of the Republic’s territory. The international community has stated categorically its support for the internationally recognized sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the whole of its territory, including the occupied part.
In 1983 the occupation regime arbitrarily and unilaterally declared so-called independence in the occupied part of Cyprus. The Security Council of the United Nations by its resolution 541 (1983) deplored this declaration, considering it as legally invalid and called for its withdrawal. Furthermore, by its resolution 550 (1984), the Security Council condemned all secessionist actions and called upon all states not to recognize the purported entity, the so-called “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (“TRNC”).
By the same as well as by a number of other resolutions, the United Nations called upon the international community not to recognize any Cypriot State other than that of the Republic of Cyprus.
On 1 May 2004 Cyprus became a full member of the European Union. The EU has clearly expressed its position regarding the Cyprus problem in support of finding a solution that will respect the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and unity of the Republic of Cyprus in accordance with the relevant decisions and UN Resolutions and the High Level Agreements.