The Maronites derive their name from Saint Maron (350-410 AD) who lived in the region of Apameus in “Syria Secunda”, an administrative division of the Byzantine Empire. The history of the Maronites in Cyprus goes back many centuries. Maronites moved to Cyprus from the ancient territories of Syria, the Holy Land and Lebanon in four principal migrations between the eighth and the thirteenth centuries. The Maronites who now live in Cyprus consider themselves of Lebanese origin and they are Christian Catholics. They have a Maronite Archbishop who is elected by the Holy Synod of the Maronite Church in Lebanon and confirmed by His Holiness the Pope. Although the Maronites are educated in Greek schools and speak fluent Greek, they have their own language, they practice their own Catholic Maronite religion, they use the Aramaic language in their liturgy and they have their own culture and customs. The Cypriot Maronite Arabic Language has been earmarked for protection by the Republic of Cyprus under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In 1960, the Maronites living in Cyprus were approximately 2,750, living mainly in the four villages of Kormakitis, Asomatos, Karpashia and Agia Marina. As a result of the Turkish invasion in 1974, most Maronites were displaced and became refugees, whereas a small number remained enclaved in the three Maronite villages of Kormakitis, Asomatos and Karpashia. Today, there are about one hundred enclaved Maronites, while it is estimated that Maronites number about 6,000 persons living all over the island.