The restoration and conservation projects of ancient settlements, temples, theatres, castles, fortifications, churches/monasteries, mosques and houses of urban/rural tradition architecture are undertaken as well as the management plans of major archaeological sites (Nea Pafos and Choirokoitia), which have now been completed. The restoration of the Venetian Walls of Nicosia as a bicommunal project and funded by UNOPS, has also been completed.
A relatively large number of monuments has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In 1980, the archaeological sites of Kato Pafos and Palaipafos were inscribed, followed in 1985 by the inscription of nine painted churches of the Troodos regions (Panagia Forviotissa – Asinou), Agios Nikolaos Stegis (Kakopetria), Agios Ioannis Lampadistis (Kalopanagiotis), Panagia tou Araka (Lagoudera), Panagia (Moutoullas), Archangel (Pedoulas), Timios Stavros (Pelendri), Panagia Podithou (Galata) and Stavros toy Agiasmati (Platanistasa). The Neolithic village of Choirokoitia was inscribed in 1998 and the inscription of the nine painted churches was extended in 2001 to include the church of the Metamorphosis of Soter or Agia Sotira at Palaichori.
The fast pace of development in Cyprus and the increasing dangers to the preservation of the cultural heritage has led to the expropriation of the most important archaeological sites so as to preserve them and to ensure the possibility of continuing scientific excavation and study in future.
In addition, efforts are being made for the preservation of the cultural heritage in the occupied part of the island where churches/monasteries, graveyards and other monuments have suffered such destruction in the past 40 years, as a result of looting or neglect.
For further information:
Department of Antiquities website: www.mcw.gov.cy/da