Cyprus is connected to a significant number of overseas ports and is included in the itineraries of more than fifty international shipping lines. Cyprus’ trade is mainly carried out through the multipurpose ports of Lemesos (Limassol), Larnaka and the industrial port of Vassiliko. Approximately 4,500 ships call at Cypriot ports and terminals annually. During 2013, 4,534 ships called at Cypriot Ports. Of these 62% are cargo ships (35% general cargo), and 5% passenger ships. The main categories of ships calling at Cypriot ports are in order of frequency: tankers (17%), container ships (19%), conventional (11%), ro-ro type ships (5%), ships transferring dry bulk cargo (9%) and passenger ships (5%).
In addition, Cyprus has established itself as one of the most important cruise centres in the Eastern Mediterranean and it is included in the itineraries of most of the Mediterranean as well as the international cruise ships which sail in the region. During 2013, approximately 35 international cruise ships included Cyprus in their Mediterranean itineraries, carrying out 167 calls and transporting some 179,600 passengers. Moreover, Cyprus is a permanent base for cruise ships which carry out excursions in the region on a regular basis.
Maritime transport is served by a modern and integrated international port system ports, consisting the multi-purpose ports of Lemesos and Larnaka, the industrial port of Vassiliko and the four oil terminals which are located at Larnaka, Dhekelia and Moni.