Since 1974, the occupation regime has been systematically violating the human rights and the fundamental freedoms of both the Greek Cypriot enclaved persons that reside in the occupied areas, and of the Turkish Cypriots.
According to statistics, reports in Turkish Cypriot newspapers and statements of by Turkish Cypriot politicians, Turkish Cypriots are forced to emigrate as a result of unemployment and the economic and social situation in the occupied areas. The undue privileges given to Turkish settlers by the occupation regime contributed to a great extent to this phenomenon. It is estimated that, since 1974, 57.00 Turkish Cypriots have migrated, a number equal to one third of their total population. According to these estimations, in July 1974, the Turkish Cypriot community totaled 116.000 people, while in 2011 the number was reduced to about 90.000.
During Rauf Denktaş’ leadership, journalists and intellectuals, who questioned the policy of Turkey and Denktaş in Cyprus, were under continuous persecution. The case of Kutlu Adali, journalist of the Turkish Cypriot newspaper YENI DUZEN, who was murdered on 6 July 1996 for his articles against colonization, is a characteristic example.
AVRUPA newspaper also suffered prosecutions for the criticism it had been exercising against the Denktaş regime, culminating in the seizure of the newspaper’s equipment and the prosecution of its editor Sener Levent. The newspaper was forced to suspend its circulation and was re-launched on 15 December 2001 under the name AFRIKA, a name implying that the law of the jungle applies in the occupied areas.
Continuing its oppressive policy, the Denktaş regime submitted in 2002 to the so called parliament a “bill” that provided for the punishment with imprisonment or fine of those Turkish Cypriots who possessed a passport of the Republic of Cyprus.
An article in AFRIKA newspaper on 20 March 2002 reports that 41 organizations in the occupied areas had sent a letter to the UN Secretary General, complaining about the “bill”. Because of the reactions and the developments in the Cyprus problem, the occupation regime suspended the approval of the “bill”.